March 23, 1967: The Cocoon Breaks, the Helix Emerges

Helix, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 23, 1967

Seattle has a long history of local alternative newspapers, some better than others, all vital in the collective process of stirring the complex pot of a healthy local media scene. Most, if not all, of the past four decades’ worth of such endeavors owe a great debt to Helix, the groundbreaking chronicler of Seattle’s counterculture whose debut issue was published on the date in focus here.

Helix was conceived in late 1966 during discussions at the Free University of Seattle, an alternative college and countercultural meeting place located in the University District. These discussions were inspired by the recent flowering of underground newspapers in other counterculturally rich American cities, such as San Francisco’s Berkeley Barb and Oracle, and New York City’s East Village Other. Helix‘s prime instigators included Paul Dorpat, then a wayward graduate student, and Paul Sawyer, a Unitarian minister. This minuscule circle quickly grew to include future famous novelist Tom Robbins, Seattle Post-Intelligencer cartoonist Ray Collins, and Jon Gallant, co-founder of Seattle’s legendary underground radio station KRAB-FM.

Serendipitously named after Watson and Crick’s famous description of DNA during a particularly productive session of beer-drinking and brainstorming at the Blue Moon Tavern in February 1967, Helix emerged from its fertile countercultural cocoon to immediate success. The debut issue’s cover announced the new paper’s mission in an editorial that began as follows:

You have in your hand the first issue of a fortnightly newspaper. It is dedicated to no cause, no interests, no point of view; it is dedicated to you.

The first 1,500 copies of the 12-page, vividly-colored, wildly-illustrated tabloid were quickly snapped up off the streets of the U District, and its initial success would eventually become a three-year-long reign of weekly publication. During that time, Helix would sponsor a number of important countercultural events in the Puget Sound region before finally folding in June 1970.

Helix, Vol. 2, No. 6, December 1, 1967

Among such events was the Sky River Rock Festival and Lighter Than Air Fair, a three-day concert series held near Sultan (50 miles north of Seattle) from August 31 to September 2, 1968 — a full year before the more famous Woodstock festival — featuring such now-legendary San Francisco musical luminaries as Country Joe and the Fish, the Grateful Dead, and Santana. Helix also played an important role in promoting local political activism, serving as both catalyst and chronicler of many local protest events organized by the antiwar, black liberation, and environmental movements.

Among other positive impacts Helix brought for Seattle’s countercultural community, it provided a decent (albeit modest) living for a number of the hippies who served as the paper’s street vendors. It also launched the media career of Walt Crowley (1947-2007), the locally-venerated writer, historian, and rabble-rouser, who joined the paper’s staff, first as an illustrator and later as an editor, in May 1967.

Crowley would later attribute the paper’s demise to the splintering of the American Left, both in Seattle and nationwide, in the wake of the May 4, 1970, Kent State Massacre — as well as other dark turns the American counterculture had taken by mid-1970. “After Kent State, the left had gone totally wiggy,” Crowley told Seattle Weekly in 1989. “And the drug scene was brutal.” In the wake of Helix, the media needs of Seattle’s counterculture would be served — if only temporarily — by the more overtly political and militant Sabot and Puget Sound Partisan.

Today, Paul Dorpat has made a name for himself as a celebrated Pacific Northwest photographer-historian, mainly as author of the long-running Seattle Times weekly pictorial feature “Seattle Now & Then.” Crowley would also ascend to broader local fame as a KIRO-TV news commentator in the 1980s. Meanwhile, Helix‘s heady brew of radical politics and groundbreaking graphic design has rarely, if ever, been surpassed locally, its closest competition arguably being The Rocket, Seattle’s greatest music-centric monthly to date. An ongoing digital archive of complete issues of Helix can be viewed online in PDF form at Paul Dorpat’s blog.

–Jeff Stevens. Sources: Howard Aubrey Mills, “The Seattle Helix: An Underground Looks at the Times,” M.A. thesis, University of Montana, 1970; Peter Blecha and Charles R. Cross, “When Seattle Went Psychedelic,” The Rocket, May 1987, p. 21; Bart Becker, “The Beats Go On,” Seattle Weekly, November 29, 1989, p. 34; Walt Crowley, “Rites of Passage: A Memoir of the Sixties in Seattle” (University of Washington Press, 1995).


About radsearem

Jeff Stevens is a Seattle native and author of the forthcoming City of Anxiety: An Alternative History of Seattle.
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5 Responses to March 23, 1967: The Cocoon Breaks, the Helix Emerges

  1. Stu Witmer says:

    KEXP was never affiliated with KRAB in any way. KEXP began as an in-house, closed circuit, radio station for the University of Washington Communications students. The legacy of KRAB lives on embodied by station KSER in Everett, WA.

    – Stu Witmer,
    Former KRAB & KSER Music Director

  2. radsearem says:


    This is true. By “predecessor,” I mean to say that KRAB paved the way for KCMU and KEXP, in much the same way that Helix paved the way for The Rocket and The Stranger. So while there was no direct affiliation between KRAB and KEXP, I believe there is still a lineage that can be traced between the two, based mainly on countercultural affinity.

    –Jeff Stevens

    • Stu Witmer says:

      Perhaps, although my direct experiences of the relationship between the two stations was more antipathetic (to put the best word possible on it) than anything else.

  3. Stu Witmer says:

    Come to think of it, KEXP probably shares much more “countercultural affinity” with KZAM. You might contact former KZAM DJ Joni Balter about this, I understand she is currently writing editorials for the Seattle Times.

  4. Mark says:

    Wasn’t there another alt stoner paper after SABOT folded, but before the safe and sane SEATTLE SUN?-i think this paper was sabotaged by a pretend investor who wanted the expand the paper-which actually sent them to bankruptcy-and then his VERY safe and sane newspaper appeared-THE SEATTLE FLAG? which folded-then came the SUN and finally the WEEKLY
    Competing with the stranger-was a heavy metal/politically hard left paper that came out in a limited fashion for a couple years, its title i don’t remember.
    I don’t consider THE STRANGER an alternative paper under the right wing/pro war/gay social butterflyism/hedonism of Dan Savage. (one advice column assuring a couple that is was medically OK for them to eat each others shit-for a kinky good time-really took the cake)
    It is more like THE SEATTLE TIMES with gay ads and personals

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